What Are the Most Common Knee Osteotomy Complications?
As with all surgical procedures, there are potential risks and complications that you should be aware of before agreeing to have knee osteotomy. Your surgeon will be happy to discuss these in full with you ahead of your operation or at any step along the way.
The risks and complications related to knee osteotomy include:
General Surgical Risks
Every surgery comes with risks. These can range in severity and may include complications with anaesthetic, nausea, vomiting, post-operative pain, and blood clots.
Swelling and Bruising
The knee is prone to bruising and swelling after arthroscopy. These tend to resolve after a few days. Your doctor may prescribe pain medication to help to limit any discomfort you may feel because of bruising or swelling while you heal.
Infection is a risk of any surgery. This can be a serious complication and may require antibiotics and/or further surgery to treat.
Signs you may have an infection include:
- Feeling feverish with a temperature above 38° C
- Increasing redness or swelling around the wound site in the first 2 days after surgery
- Yellow pus or foul-smelling fluid coming from your incisions
- Pain that is not relieved by painkillers
If you believe you have an infection, seek urgent medical advice and contact your surgeon.
Bleeding in the knee is a common complication after knee osteotomy. It may cause excessive pain and swelling after the procedure. If severe, it could require further treatment or revision surgery.
Damage to Surrounding Structures
Your surgeon will always aim to avoid damaging any part of your body during surgery, however, damage may occasionally happen because of the way the leg and knee must be moved during surgery.
Damage to nerves, ligaments, or blood vessels near the knee may cause the following symptoms:
- Loss or change in sensation
- Mobility issues
While uncommon, these complications may result in the need for further or revision surgery.