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Knee Arthroscopy

What Is Knee Arthroscopy?

Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure wherein small tools are used to correct the knee. This surgical method can be used to treat a range of knee problems from osteoarthritis to simply investigating knee problems.

What Can Knee Arthroscopy Achieve?

Arthroscopy is the medical name for a type of keyhole surgery. This is a minimally-invasive technique meaning it uses only the smallest incisions (cuts) possible. A small camera and other small instruments are used to look inside the knee joint. It is usually performed to assess the level of damage in a joint but can also be used to treat or repair by removing excess or damaged tissue.

The most common knee conditions that may require an arthroscopy are:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Damaged cartilage (i.e. from a sports injury)
  • Excess fluid on the knee (known an effusion)
  • Removal of inflamed or damaged tissues within the knee joint
  • Investigation and/or treatment of problems with knee cartilage, ligaments, or the kneecap

Arthroscopy is often used to find what is causing pain, swelling, or mobility problems stemming from the knee. It is a likely second step if a scan has already been done but did not show what is causing the problem.

Other knee surgery options can be more invasive and carry more risks and complications compared to arthroscopy.

Other benefits of arthroscopy compared to traditional methods include:

  • Less scarring (as only very small cuts are made)
  • Less pain after the procedure
  • Faster on-average recovery times
  • Reduced risk of infection after the procedure

To follow is an overview of what happens during a knee arthroscopy to give you an idea of what to expect. You may wish to write down any questions you have so you can discuss them with your surgeon or Medbelle Patient Care Adviser.

Who Are BOA?

The British Orthopaedic Association, or BOA, is the leading orthopaedic organisation in the UK. BOA member surgeons must attend regular training sessions to ensure their skills and knowledge are up to date with the latest advances in orthopaedic surgery. Members are some of the most experienced orthopaedic surgeons in the UK. This is why we at Medbelle only work with orthopaedic surgeons who are BOA members. Ensuring our surgeons are BOA members allows us to make sure our knee arthroscopy patients receive only the highest quality care.


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